The dreaded croissant.

Making croissants can be scary. It can seem to be ridiculously hard. The first time I looked at a recipe and saw how long it was I FREAKED OUT. Said no way, I’m not making croissants, they take forever! Well they do take forever, but then one week when I knew I would have some time, I just relaxed and made them step by step.

Croissants aren’t that difficult necessarily. Just a long and physical process.The chilling time for the pastry is actually much longer than the time spent actually making and rolling it. The hardest part is probably laminating the dough, rolling it out and folding it so many times. My arms usually hurt the next day. But if you’re about to eat all those freshly baked croissants, a bit of exercise won’t kill you.

So don’t be afraid! I have taken lots and lots of photos of each process to make it simple. And you haven’t tried croissants until you have had one fresh out of the oven, buttery, warm and flaky. They are beyond delicious. At the time of writing, my croissant dough is resting in the fridge, in the middle of the laminating process. I can’t wait to eat one!

Adapted from Bourke Street Bakery, which is a brilliant book.

You can make these croissants over two or three days, depending on whether you want to rush or take more time.
You will need to make a ferment before making your actual dough. A ferment is a small amount of dough that rests overnight before being added into your actual dough. It is basically a starter, and helps the dough develop.

The Ferment
Make this the day before you want to make your croissants.

100g plain flour (3 1/2 oz)
55ml milk (1 3/4 fl oz)
5g brown sugar (1 tsp)
2 1/2g salt (1/2 tsp)
5g (1/8 oz) fresh yeast
20g unsalted butter, softened (3/4 oz)

Put all of the ingredients into the bowl of your stand mixer fitted with a dough hook. Process on a low speed for 3-5 minutes, until you have a smooth, elastic dough that doesn’t break when stretched gently. You may need to help it out by hand as there isn’t much dough for the hook to grab onto.

If you want to do it by hand, squeeze all the ingredients together until they begin to resemble a crumbly dough. Turn it out onto a clean surface and knead for about 10 minutes, until a smooth, elastic dough forms.

Form the dough into a ball and leave at room temperature for 2 hours. Cover with plastic wrap and refrigerate overnight, or for up to 3 days.

The Croissants
Make sure all your ingredients for your croissants are chilled before making your dough.

935g plain flour (2 lb 1 oz)
550ml milk (19 fl oz)
60g brown sugar (1/3 cup)
15g salt (3 tsp)
35g fresh yeast (1 1/4 oz)

500g unsalted butter, extra for laminating (1 lb 2 oz)

If using an electric mixer, put the flour, milk, sugar, salt, yeast and ferment in the bowl of a mixer fitted with a dough hook. Process on a low speed for 3-4 minutes, then increase the speed to high and mix for a further 2 minutes. My mixture failed me here, couldn’t handle the large amount of dough. If you need to, take it out and finish kneading by hand.

If you want to make the whole thing by hand, put all the ingredients into a bowl and squeeze together until the mixture resembles a crumbly dough. Turn it out onto a clean surface and knead for about 10-15 minutes, until smooth and elastic.

Gather the dough into a ball, put it into a plastic bag and refrigerate for at least 2 hours, or preferably overnight (this is where you can take the process onto a third day).

When you are ready to laminate (roll and fold) the dough, remove the extra 500g of butter from the fridge. It should be cold but malleable. Put the butter between two sheets of baking paper and use a rolling pin to gently pound the butter into a 20cm (8 inch) flat square about 1cm (1/2 inch) thick.

Using a lightly floured (or silicone) rolling pin (preferably with ball bearings unless you want to work your arms off), roll the dough out into a 20 x 40 cm (8 x 16 inch) rectangle.

Place the butter square in the center of the dough.

Fold the two sides of pastry over the top of the butter, squeezing any seams together to completely enclose the butter. The butter being in between all the layers of pastry is what is going to give your croissants that deliciously flaky texture.

Carefully roll the dough into a rectangle about 20 x 90 cm (8 x 35 inches). Fold one end of the rectangle in by one third, then fold the other long end over the top so the dough is now 20 x 30 cm (8 x 12 inches).

Put the dough into a plastic bag or cover with plastic wrap, place it on a tray and refrigerate for 20 minutes (this allows the gluten to relax). Repeat this folding and resting process (called turns) two more times.

Once the dough has had its final 20 minute rest in the fridge, it is ready to be shaped into croissants.

Take the dough out of the fridge and roll it into a 25 x 120cm (10 x 35 inch) rectangle. This may take quite a lot of energy as the dough will tend to spring back to its original size and resist being rolled out. If this happens, fold up the dough and rest it in the fridge for a few minutes before rolling again. Use a light dusting of flour to patch up any areas where there may be holes or butter poking out while you roll.

Get out a ruler. Along the bottom long side of your rectangle, use a knife to make a small cut every 9cm (4 inches). Accross the top long side of your rectangle, first make a small incision at 4.5cm (2 inches) and then at every 9cm (4 inches) after that, so that the top incisions are directly in the middle of the ones accross the bottom.

Line your ruler up between the first bottom incision and the first top incision. Use a knife to cut along the line.

Then rule from that same top incision to the next bottom incision and cut along that line. You will now have a cut out triangle.

Keep cutting the dough in the same manner until you have around 24 triangles.

Stack the triangles on a tray lined with baking paper, cover lightly with a clean tea towel and put in the fridge to rest for about 10 minutes.

Remove from the fridge and working one triangle at a time, make a small incision at the base of each one.

Stretch the two sides of the cut outwards and begin to roll up towards the pointy end.

Roll tightly, stretching out the tip as you get closer to it.

Press the tip into the croissant to secure, and place them tip side-down back onto the tray lined with baking paper. Repeat with remaining triangles, leaving well-spaced intervals between them on the trays.

Cover loosely with a clean, damp tea towel. Set aside in a warm room to proof (rise) for 1 1/2 – 2 hours. They should almost double in size and be quite puffy.

When almost ready to bake, preheat the oven to 240 C and prepare your egg wash.

The Egg Wash
1 egg
100ml milk (3 1/2 fl oz)
pinch salt

Whisk all the ingredients together in a small bowl until well combined.

Brush the egg wash lightly over the top of your croissants.

Place the trays into the oven and reduce the temperature to 190 C. Bake for 15-20 minutes until they are a deep, golden colour. Cool slightly on trays before serving. Makes 24 croissants.

Buttery, flaky, layered, soft, warm goodness.

25 Thoughts on “Croissants

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  3. Hayley on July 6, 2012 at 3:25 pm said:

    Hello! I am making these this weekend from your recipe! (I can’t wait until Sunday morning – hopefully they work!) I was just wondering where you got your gorgeous rolling pin from? I LOVE it! Cheers, Hayley

    • Oh my I’m so excited for you, you’re going to have the best breakfast on Sunday!! The rolling pin is just from a little store in Melbournes CBD, but I’m sure you could find something like it in most kitchen stores! :-)

  4. Hi, I made these croissants using the book and, like you, thought they were amazing! I’ve blogged about them here: Hope you don’t mind, but I also included a link to your blog as I loved your step-by-step photos for the laminating and shaping process and wanted people to see how it should be done, plus it’s a beautiful blog so people need to see it! :)

  5. They look amazing!! I’ve got my ferment done, will do the rest tomorrow. I tried a different recipe over the weekend – disaster. Any tips on how to avoid the butter leaking out in the oven? They looked ok..crispy on the outside but inside they were still raw :( Fingers crossed second attempt will be a success. Love your blog!

    • Sorry for the late response Dee – I’m assuming that you;ve baked your croissants already at this point! How did they turn out? Hope they are delicious! Glad you like the blog 😀

  6. Hi Natasha, do you have any tips on keeping the butter from seeping out from the dough while rolling? 2nd attempt and have butter everywhere :(

    • Hi Frank! Tips as follows:
      – don’t make these on a hot day
      – start with chilled but malleable butter (not room temp, not soft)
      – work quickly when rolling
      – chill and rest the dough between each of the folds as per recipe
      Good luck! :-)

  7. Great looking croissants – things of real beauty

  8. Beautiful. I just had to congratulate you: rarely have I come across a website as well designed and recipes as beautifully executed as here.

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  11. Hello Natasha,
    I’ve just recently discovered your fabulous yet fantastic website that makes me feel like a pro pastry chef :) so firstly thank you!!!!! Your step by step instructions & pix are wounderful and made just for me :p

    I want to try these fab looking croissants but before I start I want to make a smaller batch… Just to get familiar with the process and get it right before I make heaps.

    So my questions are to make a half batch (12)
    1: I’m assuming just divide the croissant mixture in half? But what about the ferment process? Do I half this part too or keep it the same amount?
    2: when rolling out into rectangle does it become 10 x 30 now?
    3: and finally the final roll out now 12 x 60cm to make the triangles?

    If you could give me some insite to this it would help so much!!!
    Pls I don’t have Facebook/Instagram etc etc, only an email address… I’m just living in the real world with real food :) LOL

  12. Just thought about for a while… Explaining the previous post could mean you writing another essay!
    I’m so sorry, so I’m gonna go for the full batch!

    Only question fresh yeast vs dry yeast?
    I have dry yeast will it work the same as fresh? Does this mean I use half the measurement of fresh?
    Or where could I get fresh from?
    So sorry if the question is ‘dumb’ im so precise when it comes to food :)

    • Hi Mimi! Good to hear you’re trying the full batch because they’re delicious! You could always turn half into choc croissants too! Use fresh yeast, follow the recipe :-) You can get it at deli’s but I normally go to my local bakery and ask to buy some!
      Good luck!

  13. Hi! I’m making these right now and messed up a little, wondering if I can recover the dough. Yesterday I made the ferment and totally missed the part about leaving it out for 2 hours before chilling in the fridge overnight (which of course it would make sense to ferment the ferment!) This morning I put the chilled ferment in the dough and am letting it chill before laminating, but am wondering if maybe it would help to leave it out for a couple hours before chilling, to make up for yesterday? Hope you see this! :) Thanks!!

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