Baking Conversions

baking conversions

I spend a lot of time reading beautiful, inspiring baking blogs, most of which are by American bloggers.

So I know how frustrating it can be when you want to run into the kitchen to make a recipe and are faced with a list of measurements and temperatures you don’t understand!

Being from Australia, I use grams and cups when baking. As many readers may use different measurements or not understand grams, I thought I’d set out a list of baking conversions to help you (and to help myself, too).

However, I highly recommend buying a kitchen scale. It doesn’t have to be fancy, but as long as it alternated between grams, ounces, milliliters and fluid ounces, it will make converting things fantastically easy.

My abbreviations and British English.

Teaspoon = tsp
Tablespoon = tbsp
Grams = g
Kilograms = kg
Milliliters = ml

Plain flour = all purpose flour
Wholemeal flour = whole wheat flour
White sugar = granulated sugar
Caster sugar = superfine sugar
Icing sugar = powdered sugar

Cups, tablespoons and teaspoons.

1/2 tbsp = 1 1/2 tsp
1 tbsp = 3 tsp
1/4 cup = 4 tbsp
1/3 cup = 5 tbsp + 1 tsp
1/2 cup = 8 tbsp
2/3 cup = 10 tbsp + 2 tsp
3/4 cup = 12 tbsp
1 cup = 16 tbsp

Grams and ounces – general conversions.

1 ounce = 28 grams
1 pound = 16 ounces = 453 grams

20 g = 3/4 oz
60 g = 2 oz
100 g = 3.5 oz
125 g = 4.5 oz
180 g = 6.5 oz
250 g = 9 oz
500 g = 1/2 kilogram = 18 oz
1 kg = 2 pounds = 32 oz

Milliliters, fluid ounces and cupsgeneral conversions.

2 tbsp = 29.57 ml = 1 fl oz
1/4 cup = 60 ml  = 2 fl oz
1/3 cup = 80 ml = 2 2/3 fl oz
1/2 cup = 125 ml = 4 fl oz
2/3 cup = 160 ml = 5 1/3 fl oz
3/4 cup = 180 ml = 6 fl oz
1 cup = 250 ml = 8 1/3 fl oz
2 cups = 500 ml = 16 fl oz (1 American pint)
2 1/2 cups = 625 ml = 20 fl oz (1 Imperial pint)
4 cups = 1000 ml = 1 litre = 32 fl oz

Celsius and Fahrenheit.

100 Celsius (C) = 212 Fahrenheit (F)
120 C = 250 F
140 C = 275 F
150 C = 300 F
160 C = 320 F
170 C = 325 F
180 C = 350 F
190 C = 375 F
200 C = 400 F
210 C = 410 F
220 C = 425 F
250 C = 480 F


1 tablespoon = 14 grams =  1/2 ounce
100 grams = 7 tablespoons = 3 1/2 ounces
1/2 cup = 113 grams = 1 US stick = 4 ounces
1 cup = 227 grams = 2 US sticks = 8 ounces
250g = 1 AUS stick

Plain flour:
1 AUS cup = 150 grams = 5 ounces
1 US cup = 125 grams = 4 1/2 ounces

Brown sugar (loosely packed):
1 cup = 175 grams = 6.25 ounces

Brown sugar (tightly packed):
1 cup = 220 grams = 8 ounces

White sugar:
1 cup = 220 grams = 8 ounces

Caster sugar:
1 cup = 220 grams = 8 ounces

Icing sugar:
1 cup = 120 grams = 4 1/4 ounces

Chocolate chips:
1 cup = 190 grams = 6 3/4 ounces

Honey and other syrups:
1 tbsp = 21 grams = 3/4 ounce
1/4 cup = 85 grams = 3 ounces
1 cup = 340 grams = 12 ounces

120 Thoughts on “Baking Conversions

  1. Just found this. You can ignore my previous request. :)

  2. Wendy Lapidus on January 20, 2012 at 2:00 pm said:

    Only in you conversion for flour do I see AUS vs. US cup sizes. I think this means that they are not the same. I suspect that the tablespoons are also not the same size then. Is that so? Al of the cup to tablespoon equivalents are the same, but if the size of the cup is different, then aren’t we in the US making a proportionately smaller cake with possible inaccurate results?
    Incidentally, the yogurt pear cake is delicious. My granddaughter made it with apples.

    • The size of the cup, or the tablespoon, isn’t different. They are exactly the same.
      I believe that American all purpose flour simply weighs less than Australian plain flour, as in, its lighter, even though there’s the same amount.
      The same way that 1 cup of powdered sugar weighs less then 1 cup of granulated or brown sugar.
      So 1 scooped and leveled cup of flour = 125g of American all purpose and 150g of Australian plain flour. So when you follow a recipe, all the cup and spoon measurements are the same, but the weight is different ONLY WITH FLOUR! Because for some reason, we have different flours!
      So it is the same amount of flour, but American flour is just lighter. Does that make sense?
      Its when using scales you need to be careful.
      And I’m happy to hear you liked the cake!

      • The American table spoon is different to the Australian one I think? I believe the American Table Spoon is 15ml while the Australain one is 20ml. I have not encountered this difference in size with the cup measurements, but I am interested to try your conversion and see if it makes any difference. I am in Australia, but I have American family so some of my implements were handed down from my Grandma and I noticed the difference and I have noticed that it makes a difference especially in more fiddly stuff like pastry. :) I just made your Chocolate Espresso Nut Tart for my family, and it was amazing! Love your recipes and can’t to try the Mars Bar Choc Chip Cookies :)

    • Garabed on August 24, 2013 at 11:03 am said:

      Hi, the Australian tablespoon is 20ml. The American tablespoon is 15ml. Sometimes when you buy cheap kitchen items they are imported and you will get your conversions wrong. Hope this helps. The teaspoon from my understanding is the same at 5ml, it’s only the tablespoon that’s different.

  3. knackeredmum on October 27, 2012 at 5:37 pm said:

    Thanks for this. Had a recipe in an english cook book wanting me to use tablespoons of butter. The only recipe in the whole book which did so! I guessed it would be about 15g but only using the fact that 1tbsp is 15ml. Not exactly scientific. Anyeay, have now book marked this page so thanks again

    • You’re welcome! A tablespoon of butter is about 14 grams, if that helps :-)

      • knackeredmum on October 28, 2012 at 1:53 pm said:

        Ha! Same book, different recipe, similar prob. Recipe calls for 150 mls of soured cream that would be good if the sour cream in NZ wasnt set like a very set french yogurt (seriously, I can stand my spoon up in it). Any ideas how to attach a weight value, I think I might just use 10 tbsp as 1tbsp = 15mls, or else stop using the stupid book…

        • It sounds like you need to buy a scale! They make the world of difference. If you can’t mix it up and get it into a liquid measuring cup then your tablespoon idea sounds like a good one! Good luck :-)

      • yes thanks that is helpful

  4. Robine on October 31, 2012 at 6:53 pm said:

    Hi, can we use the above oven temperature for a fan forced oven or is there a difference. Thank you!

  5. Thanks a lot for publishing Conversions | Butter, I just actually had
    been seeking for something similar and was relieved to come across the tips through this post.

  6. I love you

  7. Very useful!
    one typo maybe: 500 g = 1/2 kilogram = 14 oz
    should be 18 oz if 1oz = 28g?

  8. thanks

  9. shiela on March 19, 2013 at 4:30 am said:

    thanks very helpful……

  10. Thank you for this chart. You just made my morning MUCH easier. :)

  11. how many cups are in a quart?

  12. Fiona on July 17, 2013 at 8:01 pm said:

    Thank you! I HATE deciphering online recipes and trying to guess….just came a Ross something that said Australians love to use ‘cups’ as measurements….that may be so generally, but definitely not with me…loathe using cups to measure some things, especially something like butter, I mean seriously! Sorry, on a rant tonight 😉 thanks again, so very helpful!!

    • Hi Fiona! You’re welcome! I’m really glad this could help you :-)
      Haha and I’m totally with you…how on earth are you supposed to measure cold butter in a cup anyway?!
      Hope whatever you were baking came up beautifully :-)

  13. Would I be able to use Gluten all Purpose Flour for cakes and cookies recipes?

    • Hi Lucy – I haven’t used gluten free flour in too many things – I know you can sub them in when the recipe only calls for a small amount of flour (such as for brownies, or friands, maybe even cookies) but I’m not sure it will work for cakes – you may need to add xantham gum :-)

  14. THANKYOU! My mum and I love to cook, but all the past recipes’ found on the internet are all American. It took such a long time to have to look up Australian names and measurements for everything. Now we can just visit this page! Can’t wait to try more and more of your recipe’s in my free time! :)

    • Thanks so much Ellen! Happy it has helped you! I started it for myself really, so I could find everything on one page – but I see so many other people have the same issues! Happy baking :-)

  15. I wish i would have seen this earlier. lol. I tried the choc chip cookie recipe and thought that 180 was a low temp, but tried it anyway. After ten minutes the cookies were still doughy, and I amped it up to 350. Didn’t seem to do any harm to the cookies, which are fantastic. I’m in the US, and I didn’t pay attention to the fact that it said Celsius. Lesson learned. Second batch I made correctly, didn’t seem to make any big difference with my temperature mix up.

  16. Hi, I find all these different measurements on the net very confusing there seems to be no consistency. So if I am using an American recipe that requires 260gr of flour and 227gr of butter and the ingredients are given both in grams and cups, and I am also from Australia do I use the amounts given in the recipe or do I need to alter them?

  17. Thank You Natasha, so even though one cup American equals 125gr and one cup Australian equals 150gr am i then using too much flour? so if the recipe is given only in cups do i need to reduce the flour or just use the full cup ven though it weighs 150gr?


  18. I looked this up to convert 6TB of butter which is according to you 15gm per TB, so that would equal 90gm, interesting though that you’ve got a conversion for 7TB to weigh 100gm.

  19. 150g of butter how many tablespoons is that please

  20. Florencia on March 16, 2014 at 7:03 am said:

    I’m from Argentina and we only use grams and milliliters, this is really helpful now I can try any recipe from any page, i’m really happyyyy! thank you!!! :)

  21. ally on May 3, 2014 at 3:11 am said:

    How many cups of sour cream is 300 grams?

  22. Oh my goodness this was amazing – thank you so much! I’m always finding myself flustered when I see American measurements!

    Claire | Water & Bay xx

  23. Kafka on June 12, 2014 at 1:52 am said:

    Oh, this is so good to find – in Germany, we use grams for everything solid and milliliters for everything fluid, PERIOD. No need for equipment beyond a kitchen scale and a simple measuring cup, lol.

  24. As an expat (US to Scotland) this has been a kitchen saver. Thank you for taking the time to post. My Buttermilk Biscuits were the hit of breakfast this morning as I was accurately converting my amounts. Yea!!!!!

  25. Mandy on July 23, 2014 at 9:30 pm said:

    Hi Natasha, I’m confused…I have an American cupcake recipe which I have converted completely to Aust cups/grams/tsp in the past but cant get a good result. Would converting based on US weights yield a different result? as I’ve noticed their cup to gram conversions are usually 5 -10g different to ours. Thanks

    • Hi Mandy! Not sure why your recipe isn’t working. Keep in mind that an american tbsp is 15g (and aust 20g) and a cup of flour US is 120g (not 150 aust). Good luck!

  26. Such useful info. Thank u for posting this.

  27. WOW!Cakes on January 3, 2015 at 9:51 pm said:

    Thanks soooo much! Recreating the Classic Chocolate Chip cookies recipe frm Cake Central Magazine(November 2014) & your Baking post is a God sent. So Grateful. Hv an Amazing 2015. Cheers from Africa

  28. Excellent! I especially appreciate the sugar conversions since lately I’ve been using British and translated German recipes as well as my standard US ones.

  29. Deverne on January 18, 2015 at 12:30 am said:

    Thanks so much. I got some cookies from the US in France, but unable to understand what tbsp was…
    Nice page,

  30. Raquel Sliwa on January 22, 2015 at 10:00 am said:

    Thank you for this! Very helpful and will leave me with so much more time for baking =)

  31. Thanks so much!

  32. Thank you, that’s exactly what I was looking for! Do you know by any chance what’s the difference in normal table spoon and a baking table spoon ( the one you use to measure oil/water etc. when baking). :)

    • Hi! A baking tablespoon has a volume of 15ml, whereas a normal tablespoon you eat with can have any volume, depending on it’s style, shape, size, or how much it gets filled with.

  33. I wonder if the US, Burma and Liberia will ever move to the metric system. Life would be so much easier.

  34. Catherine on March 6, 2015 at 9:16 am said:

    The recipe I have uses 120ml sugar. What is this in oz (and why don’t they use mg, when sugar is a solid?)

  35. Rina Laurence on March 9, 2015 at 6:01 am said:

    I’m familiar with imperial measurements because my hubby is an American, but this post surely makes me learn new things about baking conversion. It’s interesting to know that butter & flour are heavier in Australia 😀 Thanks for posting this.

  36. Lisa S on March 16, 2015 at 4:31 pm said:


  37. Karie on April 8, 2015 at 8:41 am said:

    How many 1/3 cups equals 2 cups?

  38. This is very helpful, thanks for taking the time to write this! I usually cut recipes down to half because I don’t like having too much cake or too many cookies lying around for my small family, so working by weights are a necessity!

    • I know what you mean Hazel, sometimes there just ends up being way too many baked goods around! Freezing raw balls of cookie dough tends to be my solution 😀 but cutting recipes in half is great too! Happy to have helped :-)

  39. michelle on May 23, 2015 at 11:52 pm said:

    Hi, 1/4 cup butter is how many sticks?

  40. Lauren Kirkpatrick on June 29, 2015 at 3:21 am said:

    I don’t have scales but do you know what 90g flour is as cups and 90g caster sugar is as cups let me know asap

  41. pallavi on August 2, 2015 at 7:01 pm said:

    Extremely useful:)

  42. This is brilliant…thank you. Tablespoons of butter had me beat!

  43. HOW MUCH IS 120g of butter?

  44. Hi Natasha..i’m Rini from Malaysia..million thanks to you for this helpful info…i’ve been searching for this all conversion because i have no idea to convert cup-tbspn..and Malaysia we’re rarely use stick as our baking measurement..your bog is really help me so much…

  45. Aikwanong on November 10, 2015 at 6:53 pm said:

    I love yr write up…its so informative..tq

  46. James Price on November 16, 2015 at 1:42 am said:

    Great just used your table to work out the mixture for bread. Inclusive of butter /. Sugar etc. Very helpful. James

  47. Can you help me with convertions of grams to milliliters?please

  48. This is so helpful. You have a beautiful blog!!

  49. regina on December 3, 2015 at 9:51 am said:

    I need some ingredients to be converted from grams to cups, 650 grams of Oreo cookie crumbs, 500 grams cream cheese, 550 whipping cream, 150 grams dark chocolate and 75 grams of whipping cream, I’m desperate! Thanks so much!

    • Hi Regina, your best bet is to google what you’re after or buy an inexpensive kitchen scale. Unfortunately I’m not in the position to buy these ingredients and measure them into cups for you. Google should help you if you’re anti-scale.

  50. Thank you so much for this, especially your explanation in regards to the difference in flour weights! I assumed the cup sizes must have been different, and am attempting a a few cookie recipe tonight as gifts (one of yours, and one from ‘’) and didn’t want to stuff it up using the wrong quantities!
    Your recipes, blog and photographs are just beautiful and I love coming here!! Can you give me a hint as to where in Melbourne I can sample some of your products in real life? :)

    • Hi Kara! Thanks so much for your lovely comment! Happy to hear that the baking conversions have helped you :-)
      You’ll be able to find them at Candied Bakery 😉

      • Oh yum, I love the stuff there (already follow on Instagram) and have bought some delicious goodies when I make a trip ‘over the bridge’ (I’m an ‘eastside’ girl, haha). Will definitely have to make some more trips over!!
        Thanks again Natasha.

  51. Mariana on December 22, 2015 at 4:37 am said:

    That was so helpfull!! I have a recipe that uses 1/2 cup of butter…. how do you measure cold butter?! (LOL). But know I just found out that I’ve been using the measurment for butter a bit wrong. In Mexico 1 stick of butter has 90 grams, and I have tons of US recipies that call for 1 stick, that according to your chart its equivalent for 113 grams. Sooo, I’ll have this on hand in my kitchen from now on :D. Thanks!!!

  52. Thank you so much for these! If you ever feel like taking on another conversion project, it would be so wonderful if you could figure out the creams in different countries. I use a lot of British recipes and I am keen to use some American ones, but I am always baffled by what the equivalent creams are called here in Australia.

  53. Helpful information – Thank You so much for sharing !! :)

  54. I really need exact measuring chart. Asian baking book use only “gram”.
    so, Different measuring unit always confused me!. thank you for helping me :)

  55. Natasha Ali on April 8, 2016 at 11:31 pm said:

    Hi Natasha,

    I’m a Natasha also :) I just wanted to tell you that this is wonderful!!! Thanks for creating this amazing list!! It’s very helpful. Also, you make such beautiful cakes and pastries!

    Natasha A.

  56. Thank you for this conversion. I already have a number on my blog, and hope its OK with you to add this one, and reference you on the post.

  57. Sorry, did not intend any harm, as requested, I have removed the post.

Leave me a comment: